Poetry is just the evidence of life. If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ashburn somethingmore quotes

# words: meaningful

DNA on 10th — street art, wayfinding and font

# Dark Matter of the English Language—the unwords

Words are easy, like the wind;
Faithful friends are hard to find.
—William Shakespeare

## unnames

These are names generated from the US Census list of names using a char-rnn recurrent neural network.

The names generated by the network appear neither in the list of names nor in a 479,000 list of English words. The names may be words or names in another language, however.

### female first names that don't exist

Your friends discouraged you from naming your first daughter "Ginavietta Xilly Anganelel" but you didn't listen. When you named your second daughter "Nabule Yama Janda" everyone wanted to know what your secret to having such successful children was.

Below are the alphabetically first 3–10 letter female unnames for each letter. In some cases, no names of a given length were generated for a given letter.

—3—
Bei
Cac
Cau
Daa
Deu
Edz
Ele
Fea
Fri
Hea
Hhi
Ied
Ien
Jea
Kau
Kec
Ldo
Leb
Maz
Mec
Nie
Nin
Oro
Ota
Reu
Ric
Seu
Sia
Tix
Tuu
Uan
Uid
Vea
Wie
Wil
Xai
Xon
Yka
Yra
—4—
Aaya
Abal
Bbhy
Beli
Cani
Caro
Daee
Dayn
Eann
Ebha
Gori
Guda
Hael
Hari
Idek
Idla
Joga
Joon
Kace
Laan
Laha
Nian
Olce
Olly
Phry
Pide
Qisy
Qoly
Rari
Rary
Sabi
Saes
Tany
Tary
Ucte
Uida
Vatt
Vean
Waid
Xiem
Yama
Yamn
Zibi
Ziun
—5—
Babyl
Balbo
Caccy
Eddra
Ededr
Fibee
Fleei
Gelan
Guita
Hacie
Haela
Idale
Idena
Janda
Jerly
Kaaly
Kacee
Laala
Lacee
Maala
Mabie
Nayle
Nelli
Olako
Olise
Payna
Phaci
Qinsy
Qolee
Raane
Racey
Sacti
Sacul
Tabbr
Uanga
Uayda
Vaale
Wagwa
Walyg
Xilly
Xiwda
Yahye
—6—
Alelee
Babela
Bajbie
Caccye
Cacell
Dakith
Edalla
Edelah
Feliey
Felike
Garlee
Geldie
Haishe
Haline
Idelig
Idelle
Jaccey
Jatqie
Kaceey
Kacele
Laceie
Maarae
Maarla
Nabule
Olchee
Olisha
Pamber
Parell
Qoesha
Qoleen
Rabina
Rabymi
Sachie
Sacola
Tafbie
Tamima
Ulieta
Ullena
Vandie
Waghel
Wandie
Xaique
Xillia
Yaketo
Yameka
—7—
Alenlis
Alissea
Barelah
Barmeta
Cacalla
Caccayc
Dalecee
Dalleer
Ebeccii
Eeenera
Farleen
Ferreda
Ganalel
Griagne
Harlean
Hayceda
Iellina
Ienetka
Jaqquil
Kaariko
Kabjine
Labelle
Labrice
Nachlee
Naqoena
Ollisha
Oralore
Panelte
Paricel
Qilonga
Qlianna
Rabette
Racelie
Sacelie
Sacelle
Tamarie
Tamarke
Ualacie
Uibelle
Vanelte
Waylena
Wazlein
Yakkina
—8—
Aleretha
Allalera
Bamberah
Battynkb
Caccelle
Cacellen
Dacheele
Dameline
Eetenere
Eethelie
Feairice
Gaannele
Gelneria
Hacylone
Hecticie
Iachelie
Ilabetth
Jacquine
Jaqqueyn
Kabrenee
Kacalyne
Laloytha
Langella
Maarmila
Mabylere
Orotenne
Parleeta
Parmicia
Quettine
Rachilde
Racierda
Saaleych
Saccelle
Tasharia
Tathrika
Uuguetta
Uussuida
Valtonda
Vassicha
Wapreida
Willenee
Yaumette
Yeholaki
—9—
Anganelel
Bathueyna
Bealyakha
Caccalren
Caleniqsa
Dalerisha
Dannerele
Eferwrace
Elaberosh
Genelnice
Helmarita
Hemaricia
Ieanerise
Ilbebette
Jatquelyn
Kacalenne
Kacelynen
Lasheudde
Laverethe
Macarelze
Macbalica
Nompterla
Porpencia
Ramancina
Rarashera
Saccellne
Sanelline
Thashinda
Tizkiqhie
Ususuista
Uussautti
Velletita
Vellotina
—10—
Camalincia
Ccarleetta
Deliqheeda
Elatoresha
Elisamerie
Ginavietta
Iimameline
Ilollinina
Karestanet
Kariamarie
Lelagrelie
Lelerateta
Maccelline
Maceannica
Retaqyelle
Saraquetta
Shelolesne
—11—
Cciccinelda
Cclarleette
Elisazetlie
Elisebethle
Ikekzikeina
Ilizeblelle
Kimbhrresty
Lichiabetta
Liebetreide
Mamiammalan
Marianceran
Sherleenene
Sisselletta

### male first names that don't exist

You name your first child "Babton Laarco Tabrit". You name your second "Ferandulde Hommanloco Kictortick". Both see infinite success in life and you wonder why you haven't discovered neural networks sooner.

Below are the alphabetically first 3–10 letter male unnames for each letter. In some cases, no names of a given length were generated for a given letter.

—3—
Aan
Bil
Bre
Cas
Ces
Daa
Dax
Ede
Eey
Har
Hhe
Ial
Iir
Jac
Jal
Kel
Kib
Lal
Lel
Mah
Meh
Nal
Nas
Oid
Oon
Phy
Pys
Roz
Ruf
Sas
Sih
Tes
Tey
Vay
Ven
Wal
Wil
Zes
Zin
—4—
Baan
Cald
Calg
Daal
Eard
Ebax
Farn
Felb
Gaht
Gart
Haan
Haco
Iane
Idae
Jaan
Jace
Kaan
Khen
Laan
Maab
Nald
Nall
Obby
Odan
Peit
Piar
Qide
Raal
Saag
Saan
Tacy
Tany
Vaen
Vaes
Waci
Waco
Ytih
—5—
Aanle
Aaton
Baane
Baart
Cabis
Cailh
Daamo
Daano
Eamon
Earis
Famry
Fandy
Gacon
Gahey
Hagre
Idail
Idris
Jacer
Karry
Keris
Laale
Laber
Maaro
Mabin
Naalo
Oaris
Ohale
Palio
Paric
Qebin
Qikel
Rabey
Sacon
Tacie
Talet
Uusse
Vaeld
Valen
Wacer
Zilal
Zloyn
—6—
Aabird
Aareno
Babton
Daapis
Dabron
Earrel
Earrre
Fabery
Faicey
Gaarrh
Haares
Habide
Ienlir
Igamar
Jaalil
Jabron
Kebitt
Kelmar
Laarco
Laarin
Maccel
Maccol
Nablan
Nacell
Ohepto
Olerrh
Paciul
Pakdon
Qicias
Qrekon
Rabwin
Saando
Tabrit
Tactan
Ulande
Uoseol
Vachon
Vacors
Waaren
Wabton
Xiklel
Zesian
—7—
Balnend
Barcick
Caliulo
Daalius
Daarrol
Eanondo
Earesle
Falbeus
Faloric
Ganunle
Garlard
Haameno
Habrenc
Icoolse
Idonald
Jaendie
Jajuian
Kodavio
Korgell
Laarnel
Laarrec
Maccalo
Machual
Nabtumo
Nachale
Oimolan
Ollisee
Paberto
Palducb
Quitius
Sacholh
Tahinte
Vacelle
Vagallo
Wabbent
Wacivey
Zewrave
—8—
Aarnounf
Aarruleu
Balibhat
Baravile
Carelcic
Carkocce
Dalevice
Danilian
Earrinto
Eberepto
Farricco
Gaurlnih
Gegirald
Handerus
Harelcce
Januipan
Jarcebph
Korancin
Lalenicd
Maccelce
Macchely
Nachaane
Nalaneil
Parlicco
Parreico
Randlold
Rantozer
Sachasce
Sactonae
Talentin
Tavintey
Vernilve
Vernnche
Wacellio
Waldrand
Ziliasen
—9—
Aldanoldf
Aldresdis
Berganton
Carlercca
Carmencan
Darriscce
Dauguslus
Edgaronte
Eeletento
Flandinco
Flilnendy
Galrinand
Gerarmovo
Hefarordo
Helaphhey
Jeenforue
Jeffersol
Lannendan
Lanuullan
Marricice
Marridcce
Nathanaal
Oberverto
Qoaberucc
Rallisten
Rardusler
Salcieley
Salvinten
Teliberel
Tewraslel
Wiccelele
Willofvis
—10—
Alfandrone
Atthaaneel
Brantisard
Castushart
Caucerucce
Eeverielti
Elerdrolde
Ferandulde
Flarericco
Hommanloco
Kictortick
Licoonicio
Llenelvind
Nattonanal
Oriccoomon
Rarvondard
Renaldordo
Sawvarcsas
Wengortwen
—11—
Ccrickuctof
Llantonlolm
Lunuslinzus
Micckelammy
Triddatrerd
Waldinawwan

VIEW ALL

# Quantile regression

Sat 01-06-2019
Quantile regression robustly estimates the typical and extreme values of a response.

Quantile regression explores the effect of one or more predictors on quantiles of the response. It can answer questions such as "What is the weight of 90% of individuals of a given height?"

Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Quantile regression. (read)

Unlike in traditional mean regression methods, no assumptions about the distribution of the response are required, which makes it practical, robust and amenable to skewed distributions.

Quantile regression is also very useful when extremes are interesting or when the response variance varies with the predictors.

Das, K., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2019) Points of significance: Quantile regression. Nature Methods 16:451–452.

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2015) Points of significance: Simple linear regression. Nature Methods 12:999–1000.

# Analyzing outliers: Robust methods to the rescue

Sat 30-03-2019
Robust regression generates more reliable estimates by detecting and downweighting outliers.

Outliers can degrade the fit of linear regression models when the estimation is performed using the ordinary least squares. The impact of outliers can be mitigated with methods that provide robust inference and greater reliability in the presence of anomalous values.

Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Analyzing outliers: Robust methods to the rescue. (read)

We discuss MM-estimation and show how it can be used to keep your fitting sane and reliable.

Greco, L., Luta, G., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2019) Points of significance: Analyzing outliers: Robust methods to the rescue. Nature Methods 16:275–276.

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2016) Points of significance: Analyzing outliers: Influential or nuisance. Nature Methods 13:281–282.

# Two-level factorial experiments

Fri 22-03-2019
To find which experimental factors have an effect, simultaneously examine the difference between the high and low levels of each.

Two-level factorial experiments, in which all combinations of multiple factor levels are used, efficiently estimate factor effects and detect interactions—desirable statistical qualities that can provide deep insight into a system.

They offer two benefits over the widely used one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) experiments: efficiency and ability to detect interactions.

Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Two-level factorial experiments. (read)

Since the number of factor combinations can quickly increase, one approach is to model only some of the factorial effects using empirically-validated assumptions of effect sparsity and effect hierarchy. Effect sparsity tells us that in factorial experiments most of the factorial terms are likely to be unimportant. Effect hierarchy tells us that low-order terms (e.g. main effects) tend to be larger than higher-order terms (e.g. two-factor or three-factor interactions).

Smucker, B., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2019) Points of significance: Two-level factorial experiments Nature Methods 16:211–212.

Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2014) Points of significance: Designing comparative experiments.. Nature Methods 11:597–598.

# Happy 2019 $\pi$ Day—Digits, internationally

Tue 12-03-2019

Celebrate $\pi$ Day (March 14th) and set out on an exploration explore accents unknown (to you)!

This year is purely typographical, with something for everyone. Hundreds of digits and hundreds of languages.

A special kids' edition merges math with color and fat fonts.

116 digits in 64 languages. (details)
223 digits in 102 languages. (details)

Check out art from previous years: 2013 $\pi$ Day and 2014 $\pi$ Day, 2015 $\pi$ Day, 2016 $\pi$ Day, 2017 $\pi$ Day and 2018 $\pi$ Day.

# Tree of Emotional Life

Sun 17-02-2019

One moment you're $:)$ and the next you're $:-.$

Make sense of it all with my Tree of Emotional life—a hierarchical account of how we feel.

A section of the Tree of Emotional Life.

# Find and snap to colors in an image

Sat 29-12-2018

One of my color tools, the $colorsnap$ application snaps colors in an image to a set of reference colors and reports their proportion.

Below is Times Square rendered using the colors of the MTA subway lines.

Colors used by the New York MTA subway lines.

Times Square in New York City.
Times Square in New York City rendered using colors of the MTA subway lines.
Granger rainbow snapped to subway lines colors from four cities. (zoom)