Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - contact me Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca on Twitter Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Lumondo Photography Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Art Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Hilbertonians - Creatures on the Hilbert CurveMartin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Day 2020 - Piku
Trance opera—Spente le Stellebe dramaticmore quotes

visualization: exciting


Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca

The Outbreak Poems — artistic emissions in a pandemic


projects

Circos

Circos is software that generates circularly composited views of genomic data and annotations.

Circos - Circular Genome Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Circos is a tool for visualizing data in a circular layout. It is widely used in genomics and cancer biology, but can show any kind of data. (Learn more)

Figures created by Circos are engaging, pretty and informative.

Circos - Circular Genome Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Many kind of data tracks are supported. Shown here is a small sample: links, tiles and heatmaps. (Learn more)

Circos is particularly suited for visualizing alignments, conservation and intra and inter-chromosomal relationships. (presentations on Circos; drawn heavily from Tufte's Visual Display of Quantitative Information)

Circos - Circular Genome Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Data display can be automated to show a large number of tracks. (Learn more)

RESOURCES

Circos - Circular Genome Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Talks on Circos and its uses.

Circos - Circular Genome Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Circos course.

Circos - Circular Genome Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Circos in the literature.

Hive Plots

Hive plots are a type of layout algorithm that is designed to make sense out of very large networks. The method is quantitative — placement of nodes depends only on network properties.

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
In a hive plot, nodes are placed on linear axes, which are arranged radially. Nodes are mapped to axis based on topology (e.g. connectivity) or user categories. Network edges are shown as links between axis node points, and can be colored further by additional metadata.

Hive plots are an answer to the challenge of uninformative network hairball visualization.

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
In a hive plot, nodes are placed on linear axes, which are arranged radially. Nodes are mapped to axis based on topology (e.g. connectivity) or user categories. Network edges are shown as links between axis node points, and can be colored further by additional metadata.

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Hive plots are excellent at showing alignments between more than two genomes. (High resolution on white or black)

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Hive plots are excellent at comparing ratios. Here each panel shows 24 ratios (8 between each axis pair).

RESOURCES

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
VIZBI 2011 Hive Plot Poster.

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Introduction to hive plots.

Hive Plots - Rational Network Visualization / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Genome Informatics 2010 talk.

Genome Informatics Cover

I had the opportunity to design the cover of the Genome Informatics Conference program book. The cover shows sequences of some of the genes and viruses that appear in this conference's abstracts and uses the genome path algorithm previously used in the Deadly Genomes poster.

Read the details about the design.

Cover of Genome Informatics 2010 Program

Cover of Genome Informatics 2010 Program

Deadly Genomes — Run Away

The Deadly Genomes is a visualization of the size and structure of genomes of viruses and bacteria that are agents of prevalent human diseases. Their genomes are visualized as a path, and each organism is spaced on the poster according to the incidence and mortality of the disease.

The Deadly Genomes - Size and Structure of Deadly Viruses and Bacteria

This image reached the finalist stage at the 2009 National Science Foundation Visualization Challenge.


Our 10 year anniversary

December 2009 saw the 10th Anniversary of the Genome Sciences Center. Some commemorative swag was handed out, among which was a stainless steel water bottle with the following image.

Genome Sciences Center 10th Anniversary Commemorative Graphic - QR Code

The image contains a barcode called QR Code (learn more) which encodes the names of all current employees at the Center.

Visualizing Debates

Lexical analysis of 2008 US Presidential and Vice-Presidential Debates indicates that the speech patterns between candidates (especially those paired in a debate) are extremely similar and that the complexity of vice-presidential candidates is lower than presidential candidates (uniqueness is lower, repetition is higher).

Palin has the longest sentences, Biden repeats himself the most and has the smallest vocabulary, while patterns for Obama and McCain are eerily similar.

Use Atom feeds of candidates' word lists to create Wordles.


Optimizing Keyboard Layouts - carpalx

carpalx - keyboard layout optimizer

carpalx is a keyboard optimizer which rearranges letter positions on a keyboard to minimize typing effort. Discover the magical XBUL keyboard layouts which minimizes typing of English text. Or, if you dare, venture into the land of the disfigured TNWCLR keyboard layout which makes typing English text excruciatingly painful.

High Dynamic Time Range Photography (HDTR)

High Dynamic Time Range images (HDTR) are single-frame composites of a set of time-lapse photos.


Perl Workshops

The bioinformatics Perl workshop offers courses to help you learn Perl and apply it to your work. We have courses on introductory Perl, intermediate Perl, and others. Learn how to use map, grep and sort more efficiently or how to perform data analysis at the command line. The workshop is open to the public (given at the GSC 570 W 7th location) and all slides from each lecture are available online.

schemaball

schemaball generates circularly composited views of SQL database schemas


BAC Arrays


High-resolution 32k BAC array for aCGH studies of human genome.

clusterpunch

clusterpunch is a mini-benchmarker for clusters designed to monitor availability of resources


port knocking

portknocking is a network authentication method in which a client establishes a connection to a host which presents no open ports

Life of Alex

alex is a very famous pet rat, who had appearances in Genome Research and Maximum PC.


Tuple Color Encoding

color encoding of vectors Color::TupleEncode - Mapping tuples to colors and visually comparing numbers

Yes or No

yesorno (get answers to your problems - just answers)


Genome Coverage Tables

short-read sequencing genome coverage tables tables of read coverage for haploid, diploid and triploid genomes for a given sequencing redundancy

genome coverage simulator explore whole genome shotgun statistics


Image Color Summarizer

Image color summarizer produces statistics about an image's mean/median hue, saturation and intensity values. It's fun to play with and can be (eventually) used to auto-tag images based on color content.


Lumondo Photography

Lumondo Photography is my commercial front-end.

Canon Lenses

Canon EF Lenses A f/ vs mm chart of all Canon EF lenses, and a few links to useful lens resources.


UBC Rockets

UBC model rocket launch competition was not without accidents.

Visualizing an MMRPG Class

I am a warden.


VIEW ALL

news + thoughts

The SEIRS model for infectious disease dynamics

Thu 18-06-2020

Realistic models of epidemics account for latency, loss of immunity, births and deaths.

We continue with our discussion about epidemic models and show how births, deaths and loss of immunity can create epidemic waves—a periodic fluctuation in the fraction of population that is infected.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: The SEIRS model for infectious disease dynamics. (read)

This column has an interactive supplemental component (download code) that allows you to explore epidemic waves and introduces the idea of the phase plane, a compact way to understand the evolution of an epidemic over its entire course.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: The SEIRS model for infectious disease dynamics. (Interactive supplemental materials)

Bjørnstad, O.N., Shea, K., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2020) Points of significance: The SEIRS model for infectious disease dynamics. Nature Methods 17:557–558.

Background reading

Bjørnstad, O.N., Shea, K., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2020) Points of significance: Modeling infectious epidemics. Nature Methods 17:455–456.

Gene Machines

Fri 05-06-2020

Shifting soundscapes, textures and rhythmic loops produced by laboratory machines.

In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre, Segue was commissioned to create an original composition based on audio recordings from the GSC's laboratory equipment, robots and computers—to make “music” from the noise they produce.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Gene Machines by Segue. Now available on vinyl.

Virus Mutations Reveal How COVID-19 Really Spread

Mon 01-06-2020

Genetic sequences of the coronavirus tell story of when the virus arrived in each country and where it came from.

Our graphic in Scientific American's Graphic Science section in the June 2020 issue shows a phylogenetic tree based on a snapshot of the data model from Nextstrain as of 31 March 2020.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Virus Mutations Reveal How COVID-19 Really Spread. Text by Mark Fischetti (Senior Editor), art direction by Jen Christiansen (Senior Graphics Editor), source: Nextstrain (enabled by data from GISAID).

Cover of Nature Cancer April 2020

Mon 27-04-2020

Our design on the cover of Nature Cancer's April 2020 issue shows mutation spectra of patients from the POG570 cohort of 570 individuals with advanced metastatic cancer.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Each ellipse system represents the mutation spectrum of an individual patient. Individual ellipses in the system correspond to the number of base changes in a given class and are layered by mutation count. Ellipse angle is controlled by the proportion of mutations in a class within the sample and its size is determined by a sigmoid mapping of mutation count scaled within the layer. The opacity of each system represents the duration since the diagnosis of advanced disease. (read more)

The cover design accompanies our report in the issue Pleasance, E., Titmuss, E., Williamson, L. et al. (2020) Pan-cancer analysis of advanced patient tumors reveals interactions between therapy and genomic landscapes. Nat Cancer 1:452–468.

Modeling infectious epidemics

Tue 16-06-2020

Every day sadder and sadder news of its increase. In the City died this week 7496; and of them, 6102 of the plague. But it is feared that the true number of the dead this week is near 10,000 ....
—Samuel Pepys, 1665

This month, we begin a series of columns on epidemiological models. We start with the basic SIR model, which models the spread of an infection between three groups in a population: susceptible, infected and recovered.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Modeling infectious epidemics. (read)

We discuss conditions under which an outbreak occurs, estimates of spread characteristics and the effects that mitigation can play on disease trajectories. We show the trends that arise when "flattenting the curve" by decreasing `R_0`.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Modeling infectious epidemics. (read)

This column has an interactive supplemental component (download code) that allows you to explore how the model curves change with parameters such as infectious period, basic reproduction number and vaccination level.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Modeling infectious epidemics. (Interactive supplemental materials)

Bjørnstad, O.N., Shea, K., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2020) Points of significance: Modeling infectious epidemics. Nature Methods 17:455–456.

The Outbreak Poems

Sat 04-04-2020

I'm writing poetry daily to put my feelings into words more often during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Tears decline
the
plural of sad.
Souls look out
from
dark eye windows.

Read the poems and learn what a piku is.



me as a keyword list

aikido | analogies | animals | astronomy | comfortable silence | cosmology | dorothy parker | drumming | espresso | fundamental forces | good kerning | graphic design | humanism | humour | jean michel jarre | kayaking | latin | little fluffy clouds | lord of the rings | mathematics | negative space | nuance | perceptual color palettes | philosophy of science | photography | physical constants | physics | poetry | pon farr | reason | rhythm | richard feynman | science | secularism | swing | symmetry and its breaking | technology | things that make me go hmmm | typography | unix | victoria arduino | wine | words