Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - contact me Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca on Twitter Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Lumondo Photography Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Art Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Hilbertonians - Creatures on the Hilbert Curve
Here we are now at the middle of the fourth large part of this talk.Pepe Deluxeget nowheremore quotes

words: fun


EMBO Practical Course: Bioinformatics and Genome Analysis, 5–17 June 2017.


language + fiction

Dark Matter of the English Language—the unwords

Words are easy, like the wind;
Faithful friends are hard to find.
—William Shakespeare

uncar

Truly alternative forms of transportation. Generated from training on list of 107 car brands.

The Tana is probably low-cost, fuel-efficient and incapable of high speeds, unlike the Ferza which is none of these three. I wouldn't want to take an Eaoo off-road but would confidently drive across mountains in a Lasvarn.

Some sound like days of the week in a Scandinavian language: Mondag, Motgag, Potdag, Airdag, Finnag, Latag and Pag.

Below are the alphabetically first 3–9 letter single-word uncar brands for each letter.

—3—
Aaa
Aao
Ban
Bea
Cad
Can
Dad
Dau
Eez
Eon
Fan
Far
Gaa
Gar
Han
Has
Ioe
Iof
Jan
Jel
Kaf
Ken
Lal
Lar
Mab
Mae
Nas
Nav
Oer
Olu
Pad
Pag
Raa
Rei
Sar
Sea
Tad
Tae
Uon
Vat
Vir
Way
Wid
—4—
Aaas
Aada
Bafm
Baia
Cadi
Cadv
Datt
Dech
Eaoo
Eato
Faan
Fado
Gara
Gayt
Haal
Hanh
Iaye
Iecr
Jagb
Jann
Kaoh
Kaun
Laan
Laat
Made
Madu
Naan
Naau
Oaat
Oanz
Pabe
Paet
Raau
Raec
Saen
Safi
Talb
Tana
Uian
Vaod
Venr
Wauu
Wcyo
Zala
Zuia
—5—
Aacua
Aadoc
Badau
Badme
Cadai
Cages
Dadct
Dafoi
Eaane
Ealat
Faaoa
Faaor
Gaata
Gadon
Hadoa
Halca
Iaagb
Iadct
Jaare
Jancv
Kafol
Kenla
Laigu
Lalrd
Mabni
Macde
Naeri
Naets
Oaisa
Oatti
Paaen
Paatn
Ramar
Ramer
Saaea
Saaoi
Takle
Tanus
Uilyn
Vadmi
Vaeon
Wadel
Wadie
Zasta
Zmiar
—6—
Aaanai
Aaeeta
Bacoot
Bacvsu
Caannt
Cadere
Dafinv
Dandei
Eafcne
Eastie
Faadaa
Facklo
Ganlet
Ganoto
Haasor
Hacber
Iahute
Ialgui
Jadden
Jaeten
Kafotu
Kaypne
Laadac
Labzra
Maalan
Mabdun
Naeara
Naekpe
Oaglin
Oanaet
Pacuoa
Padeli
Raddra
Radgan
Sadnaa
Saisba
Tamina
Tiaser
Uarepa
Uoroot
Vanscl
Varkoa
Warsan
Wepteg
Zirban
—7—
Aabenaa
Aaniryl
Baagene
Babaera
Calkdit
Carglao
Daybanu
Detcraa
Eabkren
Eantion
Fadugen
Faicbai
Gaebali
Gaooott
Habcese
Hadryor
Iarteir
Iataniu
Jaiawee
Jaikaeg
Kaneeri
Kensuni
Labodni
Laelbai
Madllth
Mafcaet
Nhosouo
Nidvatc
Oaraoei
Oiollen
Pactath
Pafrlah
Rabtarc
Radllrb
Saelatp
Saisron
Tadarie
Tanzlen
Vaboena
Vedaath
Watcsdi
Wbdeort
—8—
Ahrnnost
Ahukenml
Badzogxe
Banleoio
Cagtenee
Chlbotet
Deflteih
Dibleerh
Eadenala
Eatansan
Faarenah
Farmsonp
Giainoga
Gtmetzae
Hagvtmho
Haismari
Iabdmgai
Jangerce
Jankorkh
Kalboert
Kiysvsli
Lansioyn
Laranner
Malmraoa
Maoarabe
Nenlmlgi
Nerliiri
Oeszriey
Olusente
Paguanhh
Palienii
Racsunto
Radosnet
Saizbaiu
Salsmian
Tadeuiyi
Tanootth
Vasyuvse
Vhssudie
Wagsmaoo
Whyroath
Zaclkera
—9—
Aanagcwkt
Aisuroncn
Balanlcer
Bantarhie
Canrinthi
Cedshelah
Dendnthin
Dlateneti
Eageroner
Ecyaneene
Farlubech
Faslairhi
Gedislhii
Geotbintu
Hasurriir
Hauunuinr
Ianclocte
Ianseogei
Janlmtiti
Jaydihgcc
Kwislenau
Lagorniol
Lallhaken
Marcuaith
Materleor
Nentiohoy
Nidcluier
Oiullbeab
Oorucenth
Paskathon
Pigurapgi
Rervsltii
Rinoattee
Sarcsinyc
Sauvlhiii
Tieldanhi
Tlfblonag
Verebhete
Veskshane

Here are all some lists with common suffixes

*era Fosgarghera Aeysera Babaera Cscsera Fiycera Lanrera Albera Cazera Gilera Gitera Suuera Largiaera Mirgpera Mlcrmera Zaclkera Lera Pera Tera Goera Moera Puera Shera

*ara Cinkara Firaara Fotlara Miydara Polgara Ratlara Blmara Dmcara Gutara Hlfara Hwfara Ierara Jorara Matara Msbara Naeara Polara Razara Asklrrhyaara Aara Bara Fara Gara Para Coara Eoara Fbara Saara

*eri Mpdaalhteri Bayseri Hebteri Jorberi Kaneeri Moigeri Molgeri Rurseri Aageri Bareri Cereri Moyeri Naneri Nsyeri Spteri Monckeri Bodraileri Elahenneri Munnyyeeri Naeri

*ora Linkora Murbora Altora Aovora Butora Dayora Hmiora Linora Manora Mifora Ralora Susora Tirora Ttkora Aora Cora Lora Aiora Blora Faora Soora

*ori Chisori Eonlori Cydori Dosori Dudori Hmlori Kenori Lotori Roiori Sutori Buuuislhrruori Pbbasori Gori Amori Itori Saori

*ren Vanorwheren Bmodren Eabkren Ecyoren Hlosren Petkren Soloren Airren Sodren Liyteren Aeren Caren Eoren Guren Meren Puren

*ana Lanvana Mudeana Pirvana Potiana Aolana Ayrana Cocana Douana Iutana Minana Palana Cana Lana Tana

*eni Astleni Hwdkeni Melmeni Merkeni Teyceni Gatoaogteeni Lorspeni Matlmeni

*ure Flbuthheure Oongure Sftsure Asyure Fheure Horure Melure Menure Merure Shrure Smture Rure

*ran Cpraran Aaoran Casran Mecran Selran Lorguran Ssuseran Aaran Boran Caran Jeran

*ber Ahsber Fauber Hacber Josber Lorber Perber Rirber Sitber Dlndober Gober

*eti Jogseti Fereti Dlateneti Sifnateti Rietteti Aeti Leti

*gen Fadugen Hoegen Lolgen Loogen Sisgen Tsyattthggen Pagen Sugen

*ber Ahsber Fauber Hacber Josber Lorber Perber Rirber Sitber Dlndober Gober

*der Hmirder Aouder Barder Bubder Fitder Iarder Lander Lorgeder

*ern Jurssenhern Laruern Srrbern Volmern Ferern Macern Moeern Murern Asern Boern

*arn Hhioarn Iissarn Lasvarn Vhtgarn Ascarn Boyarn Gyyarn Mltarn Mygarn Olarn Saarn

*ane Jnngane Laslane Morbane Eirane Rerane Ruerbaane Veskshane Cidsaane Eaane

*ag Belpiag Fhdcdag Girlmag Miukrag Airdag Finnag Latlag Mondag Motgag Potdag Pag Fhrarmeag Tlfblonag Surag

uncar models

By training on a list of 1,056 car models, the neural network suggests the next model for each brand.

For example, Audi A9 and Audi V0 sound like plausible future models as is the Bentley Corpelece. Customers in the suburbs will be lining up to buy Chevrolet Comcers, Mages and Tonports while those in the city center will wonder whether they can afford parking for their Volkswagen Pout, Perko and Laga.

Acura

Tamira

Aston

Martin 1500
Martin Olosge S/200

Audi

1600
3000
40
4000SSM
500
5000Cudi Viont
6500S Auztar
808
A10AS
A9
B150
BSprise
Croile
Hf
O2H-Audi EPHd
R200re
R7
RT
S00r
S400
TS
V0
Xr

BMW

230
25
450
4T
50 BMW X5
5h0
66
G-Sories
Gs Cerriago
L Beries
M30
M5 BMW S 250
M5 Clerder
O100
W4 S
XG

Bentley

Corpelece

Buick

Comkine
Couper
Couttrg
Ena
Esetko
Esntu
Esperes
Givanak
Gomunger
LbCaskm
LeIntimor
Lerana
Raqnbe

Cadillac

Aglaces
GRT
Kelalli
PlicJas
Ruldtroue

Chevrolet

0 Scoret
1000
1500
200
5500
A300
ALteraer
AjAperies
Ampalara
Aumila
Avaler
Avalonder
Axpalrante
Axpilm
Axponei
B-Veries 3500
BTupra 2500
Brote
Buatra
Buberto Roldlren
Butango
C-nzire
Ca
Calhon
Calviala
Camoti
Carave
Carorado
Carro
Catco
Cathover Clussi Crass
Cautro
Ccivakor
Cerda
Cermold Chercuro
Chromoras
Cinura
Cirbandarr
Cirla Claber
Clabon
Classi
Clavia
Clavice
Clavo
Clazsc
Clossic
Cluss
Cob
Cobraol
Codrac
Colreine Graad Crassa
Com
Comcer
Comveltrland
Converala
Coprid
Corlaile
Corpecer 300
Corrassavo Pa
Corwaler
Corza
Cougarn Bhenlendertar
Coumele 3500
Covaatri
Covietor
Craisei
Crazsh
Crazsler
Cressispe
Crizs
Cubricer
Cuplitlen
Daagoo
Daoncerot
Diluala
Ekpalacau
Elatere
Elngaeroa
Empaelb Dece
Envalare
Ertress
Espelantlacetto
Evaler
Evalonthe
Evalunt
F-Series
Faoto
Farrib
Fer Deroed E-Series CLandar
Frororerel
G-Corta
G-S
G-Saries GP
G-Saries M30
G-Series M3
G-Suries 3500
G150
G1500
G26
G550n
GH
GLV
GRX
GRm
GTi
GX
Geminie
Glaano
Glann Kex
Gle
Gmand 2500
Gtlussi
Guperie
Gvagerc Claus
Gvallasre
HSH
HVS0
Hrublar
Imhillore
Impailbt Rontlorte
Ixbares
Keowra
L-Series CX
LApa
LAvalanthey
LHCB
LLV
LR-celdax
LSV
Lamiry GF
Lerine
Lipage
Lland Maries
Lpafoncere
Lyber
MXx
Maboco
Maga
Mage
Magion
Mal
Malalye
Malhientra
Mamin Fep
Mantury
Matiioga
Maviy
Meef
Melalire
Merius
Metlo
Mili
Moleger
Molty Crubser
Mpubife
Mundama
Politlan
Pracerer
Prub
Prucilla Chevuor
Pupa
RBHustern
Ralboncaer
Ranger
Ravuz
Relolantha
Reytro
Rombord Siet
Romenter
Rommerieol
Rontlerdaro
S Venton
S-Seraes
S-V
S15
S150
S250
SFalllendor
SIV
SREwrese
SRby GR
SSV
SSm
ST-0
ST1
SV
SVOlen SM
Saberta
Sbursant
Scaperteey
Scolalland
Sibmra
Sik
SirinoM
Sitvacan
Sobertar
Sofarbanger
Soperter
Souzra
Spaget
Spatvalan
Sporgei
Sprunder
Srewlal
Struprer
Sulbinter
Sumurna
Supara
Sutur
Suturbar
Talere
Tekno
Terolet E
Tm
Tolariic
Tonport
Tonremare
Trage M-evies
Transer
Trass
Trazra
Trioler
Trugual
Trutstc
Truzuri
VRX
Vangler
Vanto
Velelandor
Vilreeiglen
Vori
Voronde
Vraelre
Vrailater
XAvalins
XVT
Znlaro

Chrysler

Dodentlan
Es
Esiel
Fevass
LTT
Sastage

Dodge

Ager
Cou
E-Arond
Ecore
Ezenstar
GTX0
Gamile
Mattal
Morden
Novone Xpago
Raben Vica
Rak 4400
Ram Ban 25
Ram S15
Ram Sourlar 3rossot
Ramand
Rame
Ramle
Rannole
Raper Ta
Rimpas
Rommhor
Roper Srolatgra
Rosmer Regor
Sraberd
Tiria

Ferrari

0P500
Zxco

Ford

--Series
-xX
1500
1ro
2-SRi
200
2200
2550
3500
4-9
4T500 Travis Peonda Tountam Toypet
5-Reisri
5500
8Sp
A
ASbaru FCruisor
ATlu
AVpranda
Acoidaline
Alpoton
Asiagor
Aspe
Avann
Axprits
B350
BTuos
Bband
Blencer
Brautor
C-CXories
C-Coupeer
C250
C300 Super
CLZ0
CTRWcond Hopet
Caerala
Carbober Ssperie Curper
Cherior
Chestot
Chooder
Chra
Chunmer
Chupnia
Ciuss
Clubsico
Clucs
Cluss Rils
Cobite
Conn VRF
Corader
Corbioter Austar
Corbure Lamord
Cornere ITorot
Cou
CouIger
Couger
Coundermold Roussen
Coupo
Couter
Craebit
Crrfnser Arore Cago
Crubtora
Cruesss
Cruns
Crusstroc
Douwlin Rocol
E-050 Foresty
E-200 Feodor
E-350
E-350 Suter Sido
E-Count
E-S
E-Series 3500
E-Series 9-Series GT0
E-Series Slis
E-Soris
E-obork E-Seress Triver
E2-0
E2500
E2C
E4cher
EBcator
EEclost
EF
EF50
EFlerie
EFpore
EGcoed Cespor
EL5
ELp
ELpee
EM2
EMper
EP500
ER0c
ERd
ERma
ET1
ET500
ETarsa
ETlsKon
ETs Trutsin
EV
EV-Ford Fonter
EVR5
EVcilana
EVcolh Syber
EXR
EXcertor
EXpore
Ealscod
Ecacura
Eccurk Requon
Echlo
Ecilore
Ecliacar
Ecllen
Eclpa
Ecolon
Econes
Ecoo
Ecoror
Ecuone
Edado
Edagore
Edcolin
Edeavor
Edpole
Eelrici
Eescir
Eeuro
Eicuedro
Eimesii Fortsso
Ejiesia
Elcadep
Elcato
Elclyee Statra
Elonore
Elpuro
Eluco
Emcorda
Emhol 8
Empliger
Enngo Frecer
Enselice
Entoristor
Eosta
Epecoret
Epete
Eranslo
Erebiber
Ereltor
Esceot
Escoles
Escootor
Escord Ekura
Espe Filbord
Esperie
Espete
Espore
Esporo 0port
Espoter
Espoto
Esprat
Esto
Etalon
Etano
Etcura
Etpusi
Evalen
Evand
Eventer
Evole
Evonder Bonslisc R
Ex
Excelt
Excgot
Exids
Expe
Expe 0Et
Expen
Exper
Expeter SL Classa
Expetie GSS
Expiera
Expla
Expo
Expode Docoktare
Expodes By
Expoes
Expoet
Expore
Expost Lhuco
Expota
Expote
Extla
Extlont
Extrotor
F
F-
F-250 Super Du Storta Fre
F-30
F-300 Euper
F-500
F-500 Flondar
F-Beriy
F-Feries Reetari
F-Series 5
F-Series Lal
F-Vlrin
F-condar
F-crec 350
F-gyenc Tlonetor
F-xeraess2
F15
F150 Sperian
F1o0 Sutala
F25
F250 Suber
F2500
F300
F3500
F3e0 Scebine
F400
F550
F8-KX
FAsce
FCaiveun
FCloesta
FEielun
FFereris
FFort
FIH-Clarl
FIX
FIc/xR
FL
FL10
FLL S Spertir
FLolider
FM5 Syo
FR1
FR5--T
FRL
FRRX
FRT
FRo
FS2
FSberier
FSeries
FT00
FT250
FT500
FT55
FT550
FTexast
FTholig
FTliszat
FTovan
FTrosne
FVX
FVlen
FVpei
FX50 Farco9
FXi I
Facvora S6 EMV
Fafatin Tonker
Fafta
Falasti
Falet
Fals 350
Falun FF-F F
Fandeutra
Farans
Farriefant
Faruno
Faslice
Fasmia
Fatnias
Faztin
Fce
Fcenat
Fcoets
Fcores
Fe
Feceste
Fecroy
Fecust SE SSV
Feilru
Femype
Feost
Fercos ST Roadler Vybore
Feriovin
Feroli
Ferover
Festil
Fesuri L21
Feva
Fhertor
Fhil
Fhodonter Vandor
Fiantyrt
Fierat
Fierol
Fierot
Filcun
Fillile
Filol
Fiondar
Fioro Colber
Fiotas Igors
Fiprier
Fisetan
Fispet
Fistar
Fiuti DR2
Fivor B20
Fivro
Flander
Flasrone Ssvand Loatsiee AVpork Fantlo
Flecuty
Fledisti
Flens Teuro
Flitnie
Flmcy
Flonder Corne
Florute
Fltena
Fluco
Fo
Fodanso
Fogetro
Folene
Foler 0500
Folks Hyrrid Farot
Foloo
Folr Fs
Folton
Fontiar
Forastor
Foratu
Forayia Tleger
Forevon Opres SX
Forffnner
Forillamo
Forus Ece
Fosas
Foste
Fostro
Fotur
Fouter
Fovaby
Fover Fy
Fover G1
Fralluner
Frander Cerpe
Frefostoro
Freoigtira Ton
Frerity Rerer
Freyrir
Frezesty
Friluster
Friustar
Frolden CFordasta
Frolosto
Fronder
Fronder Tealia
Fronderthoronto
Fronderti
Fruaz
Fsesids
Fspeus E0
Fsunt
Ftoutt Cosrit
Ftroio
Fundog
Funtra
Furiol
Fuscin
Fustin
Fusyira
Fvace
Fxiek Stariio
Fxint
G
G-Sora Tolrana
G-V
G150
G1V
G450
GAxoter
GDagno
GDkandog Dey
GEce
GLT0
GN
GR0
GR5
GRS
GS20
GT0
GT000
GT2
GT300
GTP0
GX50
GXT
Ganger
Gasmam Lanty
Gcolun Rige
Gcunbird LTV
Gdelior
Gesator
Glrand
Guspaas
HAb-B
KRS
Kpolgen M50
Kundor Sulkon
L02 Syteri EHcolus
L5
L550
L5l
LAKcel
LDn
LFH
LFonegen
LGSlind
LS2
LSV
LVJ
LXb
LaFrus
Laburi Fen
Lakigo
Langler
Lar
Lc
Lcikcor
Lenpe
Lever
Levon
Longer
Lssprod
LtDo
Lw50
Lyg1
M-Morus
M5e
MBL Scu
MF
Mcolpag
Merier
Mhwniger Hxpr
Mioliter Luturtan S30
Moanter Merier Duos
Molado
Msericc Fur
NHT
NRt
P-cCocon
PCholen
Porved
Pospifi
Prons Sracer
Pruts
R150
RRT
Raldos
Raxger
Recror
Rendo Otai
Reveret
Rilcer
Rilot
Ringet Rondota
Roedsla
Romisi SV
Ronzer
Rot
Rutor
S-3ver G8 Rolltberna
S0a
S250 H550
S2T Coolstar
SFerto
SKa
STk0
SXD
Scub
Sencape S
Sidgsider
Snsuliti Couudh
Sonero
Sx
T-250
T-250 Super
T-2eroes
T-3M0
T-I
T-S250
T-clud
T250
T350
TB
THAKX
THSv
TT10 Fontan GT300
TTS0 Land Fors
TTob
Tabrit
Taciean
Tacoro
Talros
Tauroo
Tedriao
Tehroper Foltto
Temo
Teprin Trocion
Testora
Texrus
Tf 9X
Th8nLin BVona
ThHsund
ThRm
ThZklon Evies ET
Thhncerdera Murnu7R
Thiver
Thtlunde
Ticuwy Fortice
Tivhuler
Tlans Lysrin
Tlasssc
Tluncer
Tlundor
Tlunser
Tluvia
To24
Toanos
Tocpta
Tolzre
Tomonre
Tontrinea
Toruda
Toscs
Tospoe
Touktin
Tounderro
Toutsan
Toverer
Towter
Toxezto
Tqupero
Trab
Trabord Chubertir
Trac
Tramida
Traus SVl
Treno
Trixtor
Trok
Trolifetrer
Tron
Tronker
Trontor
Trucon
Truidrin
Trussin
Tryxler
Tuneritt
Tuonop
VTCK
Varkiloe
Veal
Vebre
Vegsoc
Vemo
Veputl Schore
Vifrine Firedor
Vocrinu
W350
WDe
Winborde
X
X00
XFol
XV0

GMC

-500 Auprey
3500 Autradr Leranc
Cubolban SCprosy
Daluma XLt
Diimy
Hamunda
Pakola
Ragla Lan
Rally Cagon GP5
Rally Magon
Ramly Wagon Dange B550
Roferger Ruwntano
Rolle Camoya
Saorn VL
See
Subongan 550
Toylon
Vandura Manda2 Aprenetar

Honda

Aerot
Anxino
Arast
Bxbint
Cimillonder
Cispocc
Filn Se
Pelitel
S2 1S
Stvaped

Hyundai

Ceceum
Tasro
Teveco

Isuzu

Axsmoce
EOmosole Suros
Eciau
Kaslus
Roos
SGLo
Scefaetle Elanto
Soter
Sumboes Sette
Vos

Kia

1gold
300
Colilure
Conber

Lamborghini

Epustol
GSc

Land

Corpenter
Corpice
Corveca
Cover
Forts
Morine Roodloe
Roker NK
Rover Celion
Rover Dety
Rover Dlesant
Rover Dollanser
Rover Endev
Rover Enger
Rover Expera Toverota
Rover LS
Rover Lpe
Rover Megey
Rover Range 3500
Rover Ridber
Rover Rineda
Rover Sterien Canion
Rover Sx Troco
Rover Tetu
Royert
Vover Lege
Zlpan

Lexus

AS
CR
CS
FI
RS
XS Fereu

Lincoln

AlV
LP7Z
LT
LXS
M1V0
M3en
MEDa
MIKi
MIVi
MIx
MK9
MTF
MTpiam
MVCiti MitPuntibm
Maga RVv
Maghin
Magpincan
Mangon GN
Mantaga
Mantian
Mantinn
Marbine
Mari Bmacurbaer
Mariger
Mark Enwol
Mavi
Mavi Vakan
Mawk Ax1
Mknd
Mlssland
Mortile
Mouz PIP
Navoto
SIvofis
Vam Moxh
Varion
XS

Lotus

EScier P-Trine
Ehiter
Evoresster
Innhenol

MINI

Solertis

Maserati

3obrer

Mazda

1200
3-300
BQKiottra
Caslis
Criise
EVcort
F350
GL2-
GX-n
Maadot
Mazda5e
Mazdastanfandar
Mrinde
RTX
XNl 600

Mercedes-Benz

130SE
200sL
300G Caotvan
300GMG
300SEE
300SEL
300SEV
300SM
500EE
500eEL
550SR
80Cy
C Crass
C6-Blass
CSSC Cals Clavon
G350 Coubuntaoo
GL-Alran Caum Rogep Royender Strelleper
MAntt2in
R1-rlasger
RL-Raarca
SKS-Class
SL-7M
SLB55
SLC9 SL
SLS-SMC
Sasid
Seri

Mercury

Alilanget
Avurer
Cerria
E-Series GR
Gland
Lelacan
Lonte
Ma Mari Club
Maraoe
Marga 1-deraet
Marlikl
Marnalee
Marues
Maxnt
Me
Melepe
Mirlecier
Montaeo
Tolander

Mitsubishi

-550
-pponder
100
1500
300
AXpa
Acera
Acrohede
Acuasi
Acuuri
Ancero
Antliro
Apnanor
Apre
Aronat
Aventer 3500
Axputy Stortin
B4pre
BFhoretle Baret
C-Meries
C2An
CRnc
CT
CVioitr
Camond
Caniint
Cantitra Mavin
Caprin
Caprity
Carisler
Caristor
Caruso
Catro
Caviocer
Cgucs
Chanter
Chaoler
Chentor
Chorke
Churca
Ciar
Cipi
Cizit
Clociol
Clocse
Clussichxri Aitlan
Coan
Coci
Conrach Soleres
Contor
Coraer
Cordi
Corfine
Corkin
Corsan
Coscar Tlanda
Cowci
Crubs
Cruiset Mazer
Cruisit
Crussis
Crusstori
Cuncorar
Cypracer
Dacuro Coupe
Dazun
Diagun MKx
Docee
Doena
E-moriie
E350
E4cord
ECiten
EFceri
Eclera
Ecolay
Eeito
Egaci
Eiathra
Eilera
Elalio
Elance
Elcure
Elnkerar
Elpesce
Emanda 3500
Emine
Enceron
Encorem
Endenvan
Enga
Epage
Eplans
Eprineb
Eride
Erina
Eriote
Espader Mitlida
Espage Cruiler
Espegias Chomtold
Esspostet
Estris
Eutuscian Countra
Evacer Rockor
Evala
Evana
Evine
Excant MitNa
Excer
Excost
Expoger
Fardes
Farita
Felaze
Femie Seyte
Fentan
Feries
Ficanad
Fieta
Fine Vebo
Finies Miader
Fiostnt
Fitem Sport
Focaina
GMU
GRB
GRV
GV-
Grend Lil
Gybend
HGCle
Hinero
I7cort
Icroceneo
Inchontero
JR
Kiasan
L 0-Pontl
L-Cruss
L2
L250
L2u0
LL100
LRO
LRn
LT5
LTD
Lacand
Lacuri MaxsoE
Lan Crucbard
Landeraqa
Langer
LeRa
LeTarie
Leger
Lehole
Lemand
Lena
Leq
Lge0 SE-E
Lineot
Livanden
LoPiniier Clebine
Lolacer
Lonomag
Lpand LEC
Lrand Rover Srolsa
LtCl
Lumine SX
Lundira
Lunger
MR2
MRT
MRerig
MV25
Maatkina
Malbal Mavit
Manchero
Mancila
Mandans
Mandar
Mandauli MM
Manemin MR-uris 1500
Manpa5 Sansf
Mantan
Mantaro
Manten
Mantouger
Mantrace
Marasis
Marbins
Marite LS8
Maxton
McyIta
Menter
Mentetar
Merin Clegiint
Mganz Muriil
Mgentlark
Miendar
Mierie
Milander
Miliger
Millbin
Milnt
Milonter
Milore
Minane
Mindine
Mindol
Minelar
Minelon
Minenie Aspres
Mineran
Mineri GT
Mineror
Minien
Minier
Minile
Minnas
Mint
Mintita
Mintlen Lazis
Miracen
Mireder 940
Mirlonder
Mirnte
Mirugee
Molender
Montace
Montel
Monteri
Mrand Rrett Ciuri
Mtenzago
Muncox Alemetde
Mundon
Munsan Evontera
MurackM
MurissM
Mwlender
O
Oricer
PRunveran
Passca
Pireos
Plander
Pracisle
Praestin Atler
Prassce
Qatieo My Jotti
RPHp
Racota
Rcaene
Rcontinza SFera
Renolander
Rentize
Rerie Carl
Rerius
Rgeler Orlicer
Rientaze
Ringer
Rins
Rinte
Risters
Rondar EMX
Ronderititae
Ronegin
Ronger
Rundar
Rundorn
S
S250
S60
SJ30
SOntero
SR9g
SRDie
SSubiri MamLine Alused
SV
Santari
Santor
Sascra
Satin
Scace
Scord Mogeglanc
Scork
Scueri
Scunter
Scurbag
Sderuo
Seliten
Sento
Sereli
Sexfer
Sgarester
Shrazer
Siceros
Siel
Siemus
Silello
Siltiuo
Silurti
Sinath
Sincar
Sinendi
Sinetir
Snatel
Sperte
Spertint
Spora
Spors
Spusto
Sridev Rols
Steries Sutteti
Stgonta
Subaria Ramgo
Sulluspi
Sundantor
Suntan
Suntria
Suntric
Superfer
Suturi C-Series
Swouat
Sxpem
Sxprettor
TXL
TXira
Tabio
Tacora Farrion NLitico
Takda
Tausmi Cross SRX
Te-doum
TeM10
Tearo
Tindenroei
Tlubare Wobard
Toless
Tontran
Tputer
Trigu
Trioe
Tubander
Tunce
VSE
Valack
VandaA
Vanter
Vantero
Vastonter
Velint Clens
Ventornee
Vighiwuger
Vimare
Vinion FR0 Gtice
Vinter CTo
Vpuce
Vunder
Vuytin
X-300
XTR
XTwure
vidle

Nissan

0xpe
110N PRAn
150V
1I0
2004
200H5
200X
200ZVa
200vina
220
240N
2500
300VA
350
3500
350N
350P
350r
3r0PI
5
500NX
500ZX
5500
5ilahivia
6 Rapore
Acibe
Acura
Alrago
Anta
Armala
Arnadoa
As
Autura
Avia
Azna
Bumtibide
Catr
Ciba
Dafzad Juldo
Dango
Det
Dutsryiuc
Encoret-BMT Silord
Eutaru
FRm
FT3500
Fary
Fihama
Firimo
Fputmie
Fuberag
Funtan
Futta
G
GGTeran
GKR
Gnnatet Vofur
Gybita
H4Prie
HF-2
HIba
HM
Haatdi
Hanti
Htitii
Hyr
IMuilia
Imacra
Juatige
L-Roxder Aranto
LGJ
Lalbara
Latanna
MGPrand Palor
MLz
Magu
Manto
Matt
Mer1u
Mewade
Mi
Min
Moriu
Mucpavo
Mugoortiro BMorer
Muncas
Mundo Evonute Roatluag
Mupuri
N00
N2R
N35
N3S
N3a
N8nNa
NEax
NRHx
NRZX
NV-I50
NV3rotor
NVdol
NX600
Nnila
Npsari
NtmRpue
Ntrubkor
Nubivo
Nubro
Nukiu
Pata
Pobrerd
Ponte
Pot 2500
Pram
Prid X-Seriis
Ptunto
Pubi
Pue
Puraeu Cloethe
Putlea
Puton
Puturo
Putusu
Ramar
Rater
Ratne
Retar Rile
Riare
Rinver
Ronder
Rubari
S
SCbero
SVV
Sal
Saniter
Sburbiri
Sck
Scudi Meryeca I8
Sengro
Ser
Sili
Smbare
Sticit
Subira S-Na
Surie
Suttro
Tandor
Tarlo
Taste
Tatkon
Tatlettlo
Tatvob
Termae
Tib
Tiheni
Tnumico
Tortaco
Trinea
Tritro
Ttagne
Turonde
Tutbans 200
Valadaro
Vankage
Vanmari
Vanta
Vantoluen
Vendona
Vomatar S
Vonser
Vonterr
Vontila
Vuncie
Vuruar Z
X Nantcota
XArta
Xctant
Xtuuti

Oldsmobile

1500
Blagla
Clislage
Corbinde
Crosler
Ctalpe
Cutfaas Corpeto
MidimRetle
Muwlagon GTT
Putlassan
Roallenne Vama
Rogeltiaa
Roverna Shorgert
Siriile
SmilltMn Varie
Smornelen
Tukont

Pontiac

1001
100Praslin
100T
3000
4002
Aspede
Avager
Cageok
Carrinee
Da 3500
Duibat
Erent
Evoyten
Fire
Firement4
Fort
Gacilicy
Gimendira Ruabira Iptafie
Grond Purbind
Ilris
Intauer
Korensim
Lamink
Len
Lerant
Liceryhyr
Manfinder
Mentinen
Mer1ugee
Minatarc
Minusac Tlytiun
Monage
Montere
Piostam Olasie
Pompentrogee EWuder
Proghantelk
Pursamus
Sanbiid
Sancat
Sara
Serina
Sictrim
Sigerin Sco
Sipe
Soltnt
Sunbanthenper
Taneoss Eleron
Tin
Topee
Tornco
Toutien
Track Sune
Trand Eestao
Velex
Vine Rold
Vorevand
X0rine Phoaleno

Porsche

92
Cepman 2500
L35

Ram

CT Cerrius
Cobvag

Saturn

Catri
Manto

Subaru

Crub
Interey
Motont

Suzuki

-Saries Subore Do
5-Series
8omane -Furtar
Ahe
BV20
Ciran
Clolba
Dida
E3Core
Eetang
Fastyunn
Finh
H2 0
I-Aceota
Iirtiu
M
Minak
Pintorane Lacllor
Rendepe
SL
SRT
ST
STEur
SVX
Saztra
Sento
Siaster
Stoliger
Subro
T3500
X-Meries
Xsn

Toyota

1-Slaze Coupe S15
2
20
2ulada
30
300
3500 Caluser
4350
4ccanda
Achores
Alida
Aoran
AscilusVonnorinetri
Aspero
Auntol
Ax
CR-T
CRV
Cakilan
Calis
Celuge Cluvo
Cerian
Cortdila
Criisian
Criss Forusra
Cruistko
DTS
Delidlaniree
Divecer
EIdo
Eelera
Ekmad Toysna 4
Elri
FWasali
Feviy
Friai
Frucs Fruty
GEganovanze
GSt
Ie
Lawk Sgaheiso
Leoa
Leodilin
Lioz
Lre-Vandega
Lrraca
ME3
MR-T
Malii-Elundo Ralboter
Mamlu
Mispa
Mrine
Pacors
Pacru
Pcanolado
Piras
Pisora
Placer
Poralar
Praxci
Presla
Prias
Prie
Pritmala
Punira
Pycualir
Reladetroit
Rlnura
S60 Voler
SOpeva
SRD
SSa
SV Corba
Salpa
Saman
Scigle
Senne Aluro
Seragit
Ses
Sqorota Adutrak
Sricln
Srocee
Sumor
Sutero
Svaca
T Vlosge
T8Xr
TCorker
THAnlencer 3500
TXp Anforone
Tacoge
Tacsi
Tamuro
Tantar
Tasraros
Tatra
Tatro
Te
Tegacla
Terasla
Tgessac Solller
Tlirge
TllbBmadi
Tmcoper Z
Tomanda
Tonkoce
Tpund Fruus
Tracob
Tracy
Traisla
Trasscam
Trruus Farho
Typein
Vra
Vre
Vrege
Vunder
X-300
XMo
Xagen
ZHS

Volkswagen

0istonce
1er
2500
2lmzoer
3 Cotlane
Aatro
Airefantare
Am
Amtort Icovarw
Antol
Attare
Avanger
Avetke
Ayiat
CTuntorm
Ca
Ca 3500
Calruwoo
Caorubie Kata
Cass 220
Cataf
Ceremaid
Cerpa
Coastar
Cries
Cullmmubila CXT
Cusbo
EMV
EVI
Eiccelonwo
Elcana
Ellge Savor
Eoyeetar
Esperada
Etat
Exndor
Exnnegeru
Exta
Extler
FMinner
Farrotee
Favorof
Feviab
Fiolentice
Foltle
Fotoba
G1V
GPwN
GSolin 2T00
GT
GT I
GTy
GVI
Gelpa
Graagla Voor
Herbigo
IHVaca SB
Illbana
Iusto
Laga
Lange I
Lebasta
Lemil
Lianl
Nator Huulta
Nc Vonulba
Neogla III
Nismodeb
Nogen DSS
Perko
Pettigo
Phantows
Phunter
Ponterea
Poodetab
Porrede Doigerolwy
Poul
Pout
Pragda
Prassurat
Pril
Prozder
Pus 1urad
R3
Raalegon
Ramad
Ratro
Rober
Rolverdazia
Room
Runbora
SObite
SPfriss
Sabra
Satro
Se Verosse
Sentagow
Sertob
Sola Poalire
Srillico
Suberba
Sutler
Sutuks
Swudka
Taatol
Tabbar
Tacoro
Tastan
Tetatl
Tiuman
Tlscage
Toahk Voan
Tobide
Tongannt
Toromanat S
Tourne
Tracmale
Trantor
Tryyra
Ttype
Tuber
VTgy
Valer
Valk Joag
Vallager
Valon
Valthmonder
Vange Voas
Vatare
Venaakuo
Vevon
Vibhork
Vilno
Vinanat
Vkytor
Voangend
Vofarger Voltra
Vollncor
Volunset
Vouge
Vudter
Vyma
X
X10
Xnvillas

VIEW ALL

news + thoughts

Ensemble methods: Bagging and random forests

Mon 16-10-2017
Many heads are better than one.

We introduce two common ensemble methods: bagging and random forests. Both of these methods repeat a statistical analysis on a bootstrap sample to improve the accuracy of the predictor. Our column shows these methods as applied to Classification and Regression Trees.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Ensemble methods: Bagging and random forests. (read)

For example, we can sample the space of values more finely when using bagging with regression trees because each sample has potentially different boundaries at which the tree splits.

Random forests generate a large number of trees by not only generating bootstrap samples but also randomly choosing which predictor variables are considered at each split in the tree.

Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2017) Points of Significance: Ensemble methods: bagging and random forests. Nature Methods 14:933–934.

Background reading

Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2017) Points of Significance: Classification and regression trees. Nature Methods 14:757–758.

...more about the Points of Significance column

Classification and regression trees

Mon 16-10-2017
Decision trees are a powerful but simple prediction method.

Decision trees classify data by splitting it along the predictor axes into partitions with homogeneous values of the dependent variable. Unlike logistic or linear regression, CART does not develop a prediction equation. Instead, data are predicted by a series of binary decisions based on the boundaries of the splits. Decision trees are very effective and the resulting rules are readily interpreted.

Trees can be built using different metrics that measure how well the splits divide up the data classes: Gini index, entropy or misclassification error.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Classification and decision trees. (read)

When the predictor variable is quantitative and not categorical, regression trees are used. Here, the data are still split but now the predictor variable is estimated by the average within the split boundaries. Tree growth can be controlled using the complexity parameter, a measure of the relative improvement of each new split.

Individual trees can be very sensitive to minor changes in the data and even better prediction can be achieved by exploiting this variability. Using ensemble methods, we can grow multiple trees from the same data.

Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2017) Points of Significance: Classification and regression trees. Nature Methods 14:757–758.

Background reading

Lever, J., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2016) Points of Significance: Logistic regression. Nature Methods 13:541-542.

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2015) Points of Significance: Multiple Linear Regression Nature Methods 12:1103-1104.

Lever, J., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2016) Points of Significance: Classifier evaluation. Nature Methods 13:603-604.

Lever, J., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2016) Points of Significance: Model Selection and Overfitting. Nature Methods 13:703-704.

Lever, J., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2016) Points of Significance: Regularization. Nature Methods 13:803-804.

...more about the Points of Significance column

Personal Oncogenomics Program 5 Year Anniversary Art

Wed 26-07-2017

The artwork was created in collaboration with my colleagues at the Genome Sciences Center to celebrate the 5 year anniversary of the Personalized Oncogenomics Program (POG).

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
5 Years of Personalized Oncogenomics Program at Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre. The poster shows 545 cancer cases. (left) Cases ordered chronologically by case number. (right) Cases grouped by diagnosis (tissue type) and then by similarity within group.

The Personal Oncogenomics Program (POG) is a collaborative research study including many BC Cancer Agency oncologists, pathologists and other clinicians along with Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre with support from BC Cancer Foundation.

The aim of the program is to sequence, analyze and compare the genome of each patient's cancer—the entire DNA and RNA inside tumor cells— in order to understand what is enabling it to identify less toxic and more effective treatment options.

Principal component analysis

Thu 06-07-2017
PCA helps you interpret your data, but it will not always find the important patterns.

Principal component analysis (PCA) simplifies the complexity in high-dimensional data by reducing its number of dimensions.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Principal component analysis. (read)

To retain trend and patterns in the reduced representation, PCA finds linear combinations of canonical dimensions that maximize the variance of the projection of the data.

PCA is helpful in visualizing high-dimensional data and scatter plots based on 2-dimensional PCA can reveal clusters.

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2017) Points of Significance: Principal component analysis. Nature Methods 14:641–642.

Background reading

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2017) Points of Significance: Clustering. Nature Methods 14:545–546.

...more about the Points of Significance column

`k` index: a weightlighting and Crossfit performance measure

Wed 07-06-2017

Similar to the `h` index in publishing, the `k` index is a measure of fitness performance.

To achieve a `k` index for a movement you must perform `k` unbroken reps at `k`% 1RM.

The expected value for the `k` index is probably somewhere in the range of `k = 26` to `k=35`, with higher values progressively more difficult to achieve.

In my `k` index introduction article I provide detailed explanation, rep scheme table and WOD example.

Dark Matter of the English Language—the unwords

Wed 07-06-2017

I've applied the char-rnn recurrent neural network to generate new words, names of drugs and countries.

The effect is intriguing and facetious—yes, those are real words.

But these are not: necronology, abobionalism, gabdologist, and nonerify.

These places only exist in the mind: Conchar and Pobacia, Hzuuland, New Kain, Rabibus and Megee Islands, Sentip and Sitina, Sinistan and Urzenia.

And these are the imaginary afflictions of the imagination: ictophobia, myconomascophobia, and talmatomania.

And these, of the body: ophalosis, icabulosis, mediatopathy and bellotalgia.

Want to name your baby? Or someone else's baby? Try Ginavietta Xilly Anganelel or Ferandulde Hommanloco Kictortick.

When taking new therapeutics, never mix salivac and labromine. And don't forget that abadarone is best taken on an empty stomach.

And nothing increases the chance of getting that grant funded than proposing the study of a new –ome! We really need someone to looking into the femome and manome.