Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - contact me Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca on Twitter Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Lumondo Photography Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Art Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Hilbertonians - Creatures on the Hilbert CurveMartin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Day 2020 - Piku
Drive, driven. Gave, given.YelloGive me a number of games.more quotes

words: fun


Scientific graphical abstracts — design guidelines


language + fiction

Dark Matter of the English Language—the unwords

Words are easy, like the wind;
Faithful friends are hard to find.
—William Shakespeare

unwords

This is the biggest list—887,716 English unwords, generated from a list of 479,000 list of English words.

Medically compelling words, defined by some interesting suffixes (e.g. phobia), are presented in the undiseases section.

The list of unwords is filtered to exclude any hyphenation and apostrophes. I've made no attempt to stem the words—for example, to remove what appear to be plural forms.

—3—
abh
baf
cah
daf
ebz
fal
gaa
hea
ibb
jaa
kaa
laa
maq
nai
oaa
paa
qqu
raz
sbz
tah
uea
vae
wel
xni
yab
zaa
—4—
abae
bace
caak
dabn
eacc
faha
gaag
hadr
ibal
jabo
kaah
laep
maal
naan
oaah
paan
qeit
raef
sabm
taak
ubed
vace
wanr
xake
yada
zaac
—5—
ababo
babne
caang
dabna
eable
fadus
gaaba
habwe
iaced
jaacm
kaaab
ladde
maaco
naars
oaads
paabs
qeisa
radlo
sabil
tabal
udsel
vaard
wance
xibne
yebon
zaach
—6—
aachan
babold
caabah
dabnar
eables
facont
gaaada
habway
iacect
jaaday
kaadey
laclic
maakin
nabens
oaagee
paabay
quaben
raldos
sabane
taaque
udnygs
vabara
wamfly
xennis
yeamyl
zaaced
—7—
aamreid
bacadil
caamale
daajarg
eabemic
facomas
gaabags
habwest
iacects
jaabate
kabadis
laclics
maakite
naaquan
oaalake
paaband
qeitage
raemony
sabanal
tabater
ubecide
vabitat
walcama
xeaiate
yazoris
zaacure
—8—
aachtony
bacacree
caamahoo
dabnasas
eabidion
facomate
gaabacte
habwoofs
iaccuate
jaabarly
kabalion
lacloses
maaglive
nabaneer
oaaldiza
paabands
qeinator
ramaness
sabaless
tabakton
uangorin
vabipans
wameless
xeywords
ydneress
zaachner
—9—
abackiest
bacaiting
caambaria
dabnaring
eablishes
facomania
gaaadedia
habwuiter
iacectium
jaadneway
kaahajout
laclidian
maacchial
nabaneest
oabarfort
paachting
qeinatory
raemoning
sabalaryl
taabotzle
udnyglyph
vabippary
wandwares
xendomate
yeesonian
zaachnick
—10—
aadophanic
bacaitings
caamahooed
daakarillo
eabialysis
facolatine
gaabustail
hacchotest
iabiaceous
jaabarness
kaagnation
lacloparia
maagillism
naantalous
oaadrooter
paacrasses
qturegrasm
raemonetts
sabalidase
tabiricate
uaragrable
vabipagean
wandwatark
xickinfert
yebonesses
zaacricker
—11—
aadophacone
bachplasted
caamahooing
dabnationer
eabidiology
facoscophic
gaablerment
hacchotized
ibbicarized
jaacoughter
kabstomment
lacloparian
maagilineal
nabionmaker
oabatrophic
paalligeret
quacidioned
raemonetted
sabalidated
tabisteculi
ubedability
vabipparies
wandwauning
yennishness
zaadishness

—12—
aadophaliums
bachplasters
caamatoscope
dabnariolate
eablansmidal
facolubility
gaablikeness
hadeconwight
iaceulineson
jabification
kabheseeding
lacluntation
maachanavite
nabionership
oabatrophoic
paalodochord
quacefulness
raemonetting
sabalidation
tabjaceously
udnygromissi
vabippareism
wannachanced
yepenousness
zaachnickesh
—13—
abaugescibies
bachanoloical
caamatoscopia
dabnationency
eablamanchium
facontagonite
gaaldrimahedy
hadiaboroness
iachomaniasis
jabimarometer
kabromedizone
lacrusization
maagilinolity
nabitariously
oacantraceous
paanolypaline
quaculiferous
rambreaulowed
sabanucelican
tabjaceousies
uemanociation
vabipparyment
wannachancing
xickingerline
yeryllinemism
zenbhidievine
—14—
abascressionly
bacecification
caamatoscopian
dabnationistic
eacenfigenised
facolubilities
gaarolatically
hacchotization
ibbicarization
jabimarosacily
kaihowfuklench
ladoculsionism
maakursismally
nactualization
oachuloglosynt
paalojiglactry
qansinquirosis
raemoologition
sabracoethygen
tabjaceousness
udnygromoidium
vaceheartedner
wannefictingly
yepfyrotarical
zalaedritellay
—15—
aberyatheberter
badainderedness
caanomaticnatic
dabstologically
eablaneonareous
facophthillahid
gaannificalpous
harrigonishment
ibbicarizations
jaberotherapeus
kabaelesiculous
lamphosescenter
maakuristically
nadastifferling
oachanosophagia
paaminguasechos
quaddractionism
rastarizingness
sabridaboletric
tacdicalization
uemalameisarian
vaceheartedness
wanenolaphonous
ynderapodometer
—16—
abriladothronous
bakoographically
cabalothpization
dactalisingulate
eachematocarpous
fahfoiestheskule
gactiometrically
hadiaboastowning
ibbiographically
jabimoatalophesy
kawaddauriaceous
lamolatrological
maarographically
nadarogenesomacy
ochydramodenomic
paalodorrhaphrin
quaddractimation
rameocrasiferous
saconopasinectic
tachocroytograph
uemanobiological
vegonsculonizing
wandwatalvenwood
yermacographical

—17—
abyranchiatically
baeloazronahumian
cabritometrically
dabsomelscescence
eaticurlegittrial
failonesheeptress
gaarozooenciously
haudacycocetolite
iceiomorphization
jabufedereschilde
kawcayanganasasim
lamphophoraldumal
mabilioistarthine
naniquinpuffyaire
oachryptostecrous
pablinopolization
reaptillification
sabucetarculation
tachyphoschistomy
uemalodeativeness
vegonsculvinalize
whimsellepsitrify
zhonoussitization
—18—
abyinosteracysting
bagoquincification
caccopstherization
dalatosephostomies
eacenfiginembiasis
fantrofingerniness
gaeragotisalgialis
hecalocorpossomies
icemohydrosemuline
jacunceuralization
kaitcholenthythris
leitocartronograph
mabersanthropalous
necrotimoperitoric
oachryptosphorenal
padlandfactiveness
quebunouscephalous
rearmidephenolitic
secrotomyzographic
tachycardometyrous
uenitanisticalness
vellheolinguachure
wanpimmenabilities
yermahvoacetoscoma
—19—
aberyatheldocration
bahandaclionishness
cacethcoalyscraphic
dalanaphorrhachehic
eccolatibidological
fansomosacsimatical
gadiophoressessiric
hadiaboastripangous
icancraticulosality
kelocericostosthene
leliarystallization
mabersanthrological
nercrodyomeberation
odersotenographeral
palanreoncounterite
reconsosentializing
semidezalomolegneal
tagatomotheremotean
unberwrightenedness
velciarcomaryphitis
wenigrassiprulation
—20—
abyogloystelmoiditic
bedaginettaceousness
cachofigarpossometer
dactalismandolitrate
eachtrandrologistric
fedophosphotological
ganroldinocontonosus
henromycorrhhosoidal
iceiolarchythmiamoad
jabimoamordohechmood
kedipercustitalities
macalcromanchamiency
nondenchistentiation
ochyolorenentontagen
palnareoblothiameric
quebrobiogrhecartise
rerepervimestination
scartiometricolastic
talmacoparphocentone
undiffosoliopenazing
velluquithoreterical

—21—
accantosapherochiasis
bemicoloblacontomatic
cachoegnscophystomies
dalificationlessorate
eachygasonaryocarcour
fedorographistrolisan
gadicoarchioscopelous
hedetotypolorphograph
incentularsomoterasia
madychopheniaccuronal
nodaterationalization
octudioflorouphotopia
pechovobbintropnonaic
rechmodechmometrogamo
sabrilostehyricullite
tartosophazoloopellin
undyltracerbandenesol
vereurocerbordohycent
—22—
agniotrophocyclethrine
begipothranmaceraceous
caconsochnecoloscephal
danduocephalomosomeric
egyperyphopothermosate
frachipothostereinitis
gasciocatiosocrasilian
indaaldesitrehenalgian
malcuptisemothanculous
nercroplerographically
oecraumatressesthenibe
peaslothecamonometanic
quebrobiogrhecaryminal
reflesimomolithrosilic
secrotopoidontromastic
tatinochlogacyphologue
undongrensibiliatlemen
—23—
acaraertepitulpeptation
bembenocolbogistromatal
caciceptopomethyleneous
decletopyrrachystolmial
eiyandsceprinainization
galuardicolaristrolcoma
icetoplexistrosthhrenia
lucarucorynchomazintrin
macnchydrogeneumoseable
nonertertabolialization
orchopyrimosalgarositis
pantancoloideculaminone
tanacondrachonomethanic

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news + thoughts

Music for the Moon: Flunk's 'Down Here / Moon Above'

Sat 29-05-2021

The Sanctuary Project is a Lunar vault of science and art. It includes two fully sequenced human genomes, sequenced and assembled by us at Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre.

The first disc includes a song composed by Flunk for the (eventual) trip to the Moon.

But how do you send sound to space? I describe the inspiration, process and art behind the work.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
The song 'Down Here / Moon Above' from Flunk's new album History of Everything Ever is our song for space. It appears on the Sanctuary genome discs, which aim to send two fully sequenced human genomes to the Moon. (more)

Browse the genome discs.

Happy 2021 `\pi` Day—
A forest of digits

Sun 14-03-2021

Celebrate `\pi` Day (March 14th) and finally see the digits through the forest.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
The 26th tree in the digit forest of `\pi`. Why is there a flower on the ground?. (details)

This year is full of botanical whimsy. A Lindenmayer system forest – deterministic but always changing. Feel free to stop and pick the flowers from the ground.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
The first 46 digits of `\pi` in 8 trees. There are so many more. (details)

And things can get crazy in the forest.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
A forest of the digits of '\pi`, by ecosystem. (details)

Check out art from previous years: 2013 `\pi` Day and 2014 `\pi` Day, 2015 `\pi` Day, 2016 `\pi` Day, 2017 `\pi` Day, 2018 `\pi` Day and 2019 `\pi` Day.

Testing for rare conditions

Sun 30-05-2021

All that glitters is not gold. —W. Shakespeare

The sensitivity and specificity of a test do not necessarily correspond to its error rate. This becomes critically important when testing for a rare condition — a test with 99% sensitivity and specificity has an even chance of being wrong when the condition prevalence is 1%.

We discuss the positive predictive value (PPV) and how practices such as screen can increase it.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Testing for rare conditions. (read)

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2021) Points of significance: Testing for rare conditions. Nature Methods 18:224–225.

Standardization fallacy

Tue 09-02-2021

We demand rigidly defined areas of doubt and uncertainty! —D. Adams

A popular notion about experiments is that it's good to keep variability in subjects low to limit the influence of confounding factors. This is called standardization.

Unfortunately, although standardization increases power, it can induce unrealistically low variability and lead to results that do not generalize to the population of interest. And, in fact, may be irreproducible.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Standardization fallacy. (read)

Not paying attention to these details and thinking (or hoping) that standardization is always good is the "standardization fallacy". In this column, we look at how standardization can be balanced with heterogenization to avoid this thorny issue.

Voelkl, B., Würbel, H., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2021) Points of significance: Standardization fallacy. Nature Methods 18:5–6.

Graphical Abstract Design Guidelines

Fri 13-11-2020

Clear, concise, legible and compelling.

Making a scientific graphical abstract? Refer to my practical design guidelines and redesign examples to improve organization, design and clarity of your graphical abstracts.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Graphical Abstract Design Guidelines — Clear, concise, legible and compelling.

"This data might give you a migrane"

Tue 06-10-2020

An in-depth look at my process of reacting to a bad figure — how I design a poster and tell data stories.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
A poster of high BMI and obesity prevalence for 185 countries.