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Love itself became the object of her love.Jonathan Safran Foercount sadnessesmore quotes

science: exciting



DNA on 10th — street art, wayfinding and font


visualization + design

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

Working with senior graphics editor at Scientific American Jen Christiansen, I have designed these Graphic Science visualizations for the magazine.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
January 2019. Daily phases of gene expression.
Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
July 2018. Mental illness overlap.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
December 2015. Composition of bacteria in household dust.
Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
June 2015. Relationship between genes and traits.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
September 2014. Similarity of human, Denisovan, chimp, bonobo, and gorilla genomes.
Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

Take your medicine ... now

Drugs could be more effective if taken when proteins they target are more active

Janunary 2019, Scientific American Volume 320, Issue 1

Graphic by Martin Krzywinski.

Source: Ruben et al. A database of tissue-specific rhythmically expressed human genes has potential applications in circadian medicine Science Translational Medicine 10 Issue 458, eaat8806.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

The Same Genes May Underlie Different Psychiatric Disorders

A distinct set of genes may underlie several psychiatric conditions

July 2018, Scientific American Volume 319, Issue 1

The dataset is challenging: expression, correlation and network module membership of 11,000+ genes. Getting it onto one page was an exercise in restraint and calm.

Graphic by Martin Krzywinski.

Source: Gandal M.J. et al. Shared Molecular Neuropathology Across Major Psychiatric Disorders Parallels Polygenic Overlap Science 359 693–697 (2018)

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

Men and Women Alter a Home's Bacteria Differently

An analysis of dust reveals how the presence of men, women, dogs and cats affects the variety of bacteria in a household

December 2015, Scientific American Volume 313, Issue 6

This collaboration with Jeanine Hunnicutt explored differences in household dust bacteria based on the gender and pet status of the occupants.

We have also written about the making of the graphic, for those interested in how these things come together.

Graphic by Martin Krzywinski and Barbara Jeanine Hunnicutt.

Catalogue of bacteria shapes by Barbara Jeanine Hunnicutt.

Source: Barberan A et al. (2015) The ecology of microscopic life in household dust. Proc. R. Soc. B 282: 20151139.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

A Road Map to the "Volume Control" of Genes

Genes, traits and disease are linked in complex and surprising ways

June 2015, Scientific American Volume 312, Issue 6

Because sometimes only a network hairball will do.

Graphic by Martin Krzywinski.

Source: Integrative analysis of 111 reference human epigenomes. (2015) Nature 518:317.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca

Tiny Genetic Differences between Humans and Other Primates Pervade the Genome

Genome comparisons reveal the DNA that distinguishes Homo sapiens from its kin

September 2014, Scientific American Volume 311, Issue 3

A Scientific American blog entry "A Monkey's Blueprint" accompanies this piece. I also have a more detailed description with links to data sources.

You can also read more about Hilbert curves and creatures that live on it, Hilbertonians.

This design won a bronze award at Malofiej 23. For more information about Malofiej, see the SA Visual blog entry "There's No Infographic without Info (and other Lessons from Malofiej)".

Graphic by Martin Krzywinski, illustrations by Portia Sloan Rollings.

Scientific American Graphic Science - Martin Krzywinski. / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
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news + thoughts

Hola Mundo Cover

Sat 21-09-2019

My cover design for Hola Mundo by Hannah Fry. Published by Blackie Books.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Hola Mundo by Hannah Fry. Cover design is based on my 2013 `\pi` day art. (read)

Curious how the design was created? Read the full details.

Markov Chains

Tue 30-07-2019

You can look back there to explain things,
but the explanation disappears.
You'll never find it there.
Things are not explained by the past.
They're explained by what happens now.
—Alan Watts

A Markov chain is a probabilistic model that is used to model how a system changes over time as a series of transitions between states. Each transition is assigned a probability that defines the chance of the system changing from one state to another.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Markov Chains. (read)

Together with the states, these transitions probabilities define a stochastic model with the Markov property: transition probabilities only depend on the current state—the future is independent of the past if the present is known.

Once the transition probabilities are defined in matrix form, it is easy to predict the distribution of future states of the system. We cover concepts of aperiodicity, irreducibility, limiting and stationary distributions and absorption.

This column is the first part of a series and pairs particularly well with Alan Watts and Blond:ish.

Grewal, J., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2019) Points of significance: Markov Chains. Nature Methods 16:663–664.

1-bit zoomable gigapixel maps of Moon, Solar System and Sky

Mon 22-07-2019

Places to go and nobody to see.

Exquisitely detailed maps of places on the Moon, comets and asteroids in the Solar System and stars, deep-sky objects and exoplanets in the northern and southern sky. All maps are zoomable.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
3.6 gigapixel map of the near side of the Moon, annotated with 6,733. (details)
Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
100 megapixel and 10 gigapixel map of the Solar System on 20 July 2019, annotated with 758k asteroids, 1.3k comets and all planets and satellites. (details)
Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
100 megapixle and 10 gigapixel map of the Northern Celestial Hemisphere, annotated with 44 million stars, 74,000 deep-sky objects and 3,000 exoplanets. (details)
Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
100 megapixle and 10 gigapixel map of the Southern Celestial Hemisphere, annotated with 69 million stars, 88,000 deep-sky objects and 1000 exoplanets. (details)

Quantile regression

Sat 01-06-2019
Quantile regression robustly estimates the typical and extreme values of a response.

Quantile regression explores the effect of one or more predictors on quantiles of the response. It can answer questions such as "What is the weight of 90% of individuals of a given height?"

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Quantile regression. (read)

Unlike in traditional mean regression methods, no assumptions about the distribution of the response are required, which makes it practical, robust and amenable to skewed distributions.

Quantile regression is also very useful when extremes are interesting or when the response variance varies with the predictors.

Das, K., Krzywinski, M. & Altman, N. (2019) Points of significance: Quantile regression. Nature Methods 16:451–452.

Background reading

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2015) Points of significance: Simple linear regression. Nature Methods 12:999–1000.