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Trance opera—Spente le Stellebe dramaticmore quotes
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thermodynamics + art
See how much you can see with my modern interpretation of the Snellen eye chart. Test yourself with mathematical operators, physical constants, chemical elements and nautical flags. There's even a version for the sightless.
The charts use my SnellenMK optotype font.

It's Snowing in my CPU — a Snowflake catalogue

She was all stars and arrows, squares and triangles of ice and light, like a church window; she was like a flower with many shining petals; she was like lace and she was like a diamond. But best of all, she was herself and unlike any of her kind.
— Paul Gallico, Snowflake

Go ahead, meet some snowflakes.

lanmew
joshan
rusers
tonon
micka
merroll
jonaph

Somewhere in the world, it's snowing. But you don't need to go far—it's always snowing on this page. Explore light flurries, snowflake families and individual flakes. There are many unusual snowflakes and snowflake family 12 and family 46 are very interesting.

But don't settle for only pixel snowflakes—make an STL file and 3D print your own flakes!

Ad blockers may interfere with some flake images—the names of flakes can trigger ad filters.

And if after reading about my flakes you want more, get your frozen fix with Kenneth Libbrecht's excellent work and Paul Gallico's Snowflake.

Show a random flake or a random flake from this family.

snowflake juugo

name juugo
gender boy
family 13
hex 16, 45
t-SNE 65.5, 161.3

ρ vapor mass 0.5746977741 0.25   51%
κ freezing 0.0229803651 1.47   91%
μ melting 0.0128660866 –1.30   9%
γ melting 0.0000531641 –1.67   3%
α attachment 0.2796009223 0.93   77%
β attachment 1.1784601482 –0.35   48%
θ attachment 0.0373570919 –0.22   50%
n growth steps 3886 –0.75   21%

The flake's ranking relative to other flakes with respect to each parameter is shown as a z-score (`(x-\mu)/\sigma`) and percentile.

snowflake files and resources

Download the snowflake's runfile.

Generate STL file for 3D printing.

high-resolution snowflake images

These are the original simulation images. Each snowflake was grown on a 800 × 800 hexagonal grid.

cartesian grid


hex grid


cartesian grid with vapor


hex grid with vapor



© 1999–2022 Martin Krzywinski | contact | Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences CentreBC Cancer Research CenterBC CancerPHSA