Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - contact me Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca on Twitter Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Lumondo Photography Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Art Martin Krzywinski / Genome Sciences Center / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Hilbertonians - Creatures on the Hilbert Curve
And she looks like the moon. So close and yet, so far.Future Islandsaim highmore quotes

In Silico Flurries: Computing a world of snow. Scientific American. 23 December 2017


data visualization + art

If you like space, you'll love my the 12,000 billion light-year map of clusters, superclusters and voids. Find the biggest nothings in Boötes and Eridanus.

IAU Sky Constellation Resources

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— Viorica Hrincu

Having recently drawn a few skycharts (Superclusters & Voids, Sanctuary Project), I was frustrated by the lack of parsable resources for the IAU Constellations.

Finding a plain-text parsable definition of the asterisms proved impossible. So I created my own.

IAU Constellation Shapes

DOWNLOAD CONSTELLATION SHAPE FILE

All the constellation shapes were derived by manually examining the IAU map and cross-referencing the stars to the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars.

The list of IAU constellation shapes in the file linked to above conveniently includes the J2000 right ascention and declination for each stars in the pair, along with their HR index, magnitude, Greek letter designation and name. See the file header for all the details.

For example, Cassiopeia's familiar "W" appears as 4 lines that indicate the connections between HR stars 21-168-264-403-542.

Cas  21  2.294583 59.149722 2.27 bet Caph|bet Cas|11 Cas	        
    168 10.127083 56.537222 2.23 alf Schedar|alf Cas|18 Cas
Cas 168 10.127083 56.537222 2.23 alf Schedar|alf Cas|18 Cas	
    264 14.177083 60.716667 2.47 gam BU 499A|BU 1028|gam Cas|27 Cas
Cas 264 14.177083 60.716667 2.47 gam BU 499A|BU 1028|gam Cas|27 Cas
    403 21.454167 60.235278 2.68 del Ruchbah|BUP 19A|del Cas|37 Cas
Cas 403 21.454167 60.235278 2.68 del Ruchbah|BUP 19A|del Cas|37 Cas
    542 28.598750 63.670000 3.38 eps Segin|eps Cas|45 Cas

The names are obtained from IAU Catalog of Star Names (IAU-CSN) and Simbad's name fields "NAME", "*" and "**", in that order. You can conveniently browse the Simbad database by any star identifier. For example, for Sirius the URL is http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-id?Ident=sirius.

Please report any errors to me.

Bitmap, SVG and PDF Constellation Shapes

The shapes of all the constellations and the stars that define the asterisms shown in the image below. I also include all the 110 Messier objects with common names in this map (hollow circles).

The map also shows the galactic equator and the ecliptic. The vernal equinox, summer solstice, autumn equinox and winter solstice occur along the ecliptic at right ascension 0/360 (Pices), 270 (Sagittarius), 180 (Vigo) and 90 (Gemini/Taurus).

Whole-sky star charts are traditionally drawn with 360 right ascention on the left in decreasing order towards 0 on the right.

Shapes of IAU Sky Constellations / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
All 88 IAU constellations and their stars. Also included are all 110 Messier objects.

You can download this file as PNG, SVG or PDF.

If you're interested in more astronomical resources, check out my Universe Superclusters and Voids resource page.

Detailed Sky Chart

I've also created detailed charts that include all the 9,110 stars in the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars. These are labeled by their Greek designation with the constellation as well as with their IAU name.

Shapes of IAU Sky Constellations / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
A closeup of the detailed map in the region of Auriga and Perseus. The Pleiades can be seen at the bottom right.

The maps also show all 110 Messier objects, labeled by their index and, where available, a common name. All the labels in these maps have been lovingly adjusted manually to avoid ambiguity and overlap. Available are blue, black and white background versions.


 / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca buy artwork
Sky chart with all 9,110 BSC stars, 88 IAU constellations and all 110 Messier objects. Where available, objects are labled with their common name. Also shown are the galactic equator and the ecliptic. (BUY ARTWORK)

 / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca buy artwork
Sky chart with all 9,110 BSC stars, 88 IAU constellations and all 110 Messier objects. Where available, objects are labled with their common name. Also shown are the galactic equator and the ecliptic. (BUY ARTWORK)

 / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca buy artwork
Sky chart with all 9,110 BSC stars, 88 IAU constellations and all 110 Messier objects. Where available, objects are labled with their common name. Also shown are the galactic equator and the ecliptic. (BUY ARTWORK)
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news + thoughts

Molecular Case Studies Cover

Fri 06-07-2018

The theme of the April issue of Molecular Case Studies is precision oncogenomics. We have three papers in the issue based on work done in our Personalized Oncogenomics Program (POG).

The covers of Molecular Case Studies typically show microscopy images, with some shown in a more abstract fashion. There's also the occasional Circos plot.

I've previously taken a more fine-art approach to cover design, such for those of Nature, Genome Research and Trends in Genetics. I've used microscopy images to create a cover for PNAS—the one that made biology look like astrophysics—and thought that this is kind of material I'd start with for the MCS cover.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Cover design for Apr 2018 issue of Molecular Case Studies. (details)

Happy 2018 `\tau` Day—Art for everyone

Wed 27-06-2018
Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
You know what day it is. (details)

Universe Superclusters and Voids

Mon 25-06-2018

A map of the nearby superclusters and voids in the Unvierse.

By "nearby" I mean within 6,000 million light-years.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
The Universe — Superclustesr and Voids. The two supergalactic hemispheres showing Abell clusters, superclusters and voids within a distance of 6,000 million light-years from the Milky Way. (details)

Datavis for your feet—the 178.75 lb socks

Sat 23-06-2018

In the past, I've been tangentially involved in fashion design. I've also been more directly involved in fashion photography.

It was now time to design my first ... pair of socks.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Some datavis for your feet: the 178.75 lb socks. (get some)

In collaboration with Flux Socks, the design features the colors and relative thicknesses of Rogue olympic weightlifting plates. The first four plates in the stack are the 55, 45, 35, and 25 competition plates. The top 4 plates are the 10, 5, 2.5 and 1.25 lb change plates.

The perceived weight of each sock is 178.75 lb and 357.5 lb for the pair.

The actual weight is much less.

Genes Behind Psychiatric Disorders

Sun 24-06-2018

Find patterns behind gene expression and disease.

Expression, correlation and network module membership of 11,000+ genes and 5 psychiatric disorders in about 6" x 7" on a single page.

Design tip: Stay calm.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
An analysis of dust reveals how the presence of men, women, dogs and cats affects the variety of bacteria in a household. Appears on Graphic Science page in December 2015 issue of Scientific American.

More of my American Scientific Graphic Science designs

Gandal M.J. et al. Shared Molecular Neuropathology Across Major Psychiatric Disorders Parallels Polygenic Overlap Science 359 693–697 (2018)

Curse(s) of dimensionality

Tue 05-06-2018
There is such a thing as too much of a good thing.

We discuss the many ways in which analysis can be confounded when data has a large number of dimensions (variables). Collectively, these are called the "curses of dimensionality".

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Nature Methods Points of Significance column: Curse(s) of dimensionality. (read)

Some of these are unintuitive, such as the fact that the volume of the hypersphere increases and then shrinks beyond about 7 dimensions, while the volume of the hypercube always increases. This means that high-dimensional space is "mostly corners" and the distance between points increases greatly with dimension. This has consequences on correlation and classification.

Altman, N. & Krzywinski, M. (2018) Points of significance: Curse(s) of dimensionality Nature Methods 15:399–400.