Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - contact me Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca on Twitter Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Lumondo Photography Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Art Martin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Hilbertonians - Creatures on the Hilbert CurveMartin Krzywinski / Canada's Michael Smith Genome Sciences Centre / mkweb.bcgsc.ca - Pi Day 2020 - Piku
Trance opera—Spente le Stellebe dramaticmore quotes

blue: see it?


PNAS Cover: Earth BioGenome Project


visualization + design
If you are interested in color, explore my other color tools, Brewer palettes resources, color blindness palettes and math and an exhausting list of 10,000 color names for all those times you couldn't distinguish between tan hide, sea buckthorn, orange peel, west side, sunshade, california and pizzaz.

Designing for Color Blindess

Color choices and transformations for deuteranopia and other afflictions

Here, I help you understand color blindness and describe a process by which you can make good color choices when designing for accessibility.

The opposite of colorblindness is seeing all the colors and I can help you find 1,000 (or more) maximally distinct colors.

You can also delve into the mathematics behind the color blindness simulations and learn about copunctal points (the invisible color!) and lines of confusion.

Download all themes
by Alan Welsh

The terminal and text editor themes shown here were designed by Alan Welsh for green-weak colorblind users. If there are any red-weak users who find these themes unsuitable and would like to help in designing more, please reach out to Alan.

Carribean Dusk

CSS | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
CSS | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
PY | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
PY | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
HTML | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
HTML | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
JS | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
JS | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
C | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
C | Carribean Dusk terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh

Bay of Alabaster

CSS | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
CSS | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
PY | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
PY | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
HTML | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
HTML | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
JS | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
JS | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
C | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
C | Bay of Alabaster terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh

Black Russian Cotton Candy

CSS | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
CSS | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
PY | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
PY | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
HTML | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
HTML | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
JS | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
JS | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh
C | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh / Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
C | Black Russian Cotton Candy terminal and text editor color palette by Alan Walsh

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news + thoughts

Anatomy of SARS-Cov-2

Tue 31-05-2022

My poster showing the genome structure and position of mutations on all SARS-CoV-2 variants appears in the March/April 2022 issue of American Scientist.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Deadly Genomes: Genome Structure and Size of Harmful Bacteria and Viruses (zoom)

An accompanying piece breaks down the anatomy of each genome — by gene and ORF, oriented to emphasize relative differences that are caused by mutations.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Deadly Genomes: Genome Structure and Size of Harmful Bacteria and Viruses (zoom)

Cancer Cell cover

Sat 23-04-2022

My cover design on the 11 April 2022 Cancer Cell issue depicts depicts cellular heterogeneity as a kaleidoscope generated from immunofluorescence staining of the glial and neuronal markers MBP and NeuN (respectively) in a GBM patient-derived explant.

LeBlanc VG et al. Single-cell landscapes of primary glioblastomas and matched explants and cell lines show variable retention of inter- and intratumor heterogeneity (2022) Cancer Cell 40:379–392.E9.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
My Cancer Cell kaleidoscope cover (volume 40, issue 4, 11 April 2022). (more)

Browse my gallery of cover designs.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
A catalogue of my journal and magazine cover designs. (more)

Nature Biotechnology cover

Sat 23-04-2022

My cover design on the 4 April 2022 Nature Biotechnology issue is an impression of a phylogenetic tree of over 200 million sequences.

Konno N et al. Deep distributed computing to reconstruct extremely large lineage trees (2022) Nature Biotechnology 40:566–575.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
My Nature Biotechnology phylogenetic tree cover (volume 40, issue 4, 4 April 2022). (more)

Browse my gallery of cover designs.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
A catalogue of my journal and magazine cover designs. (more)

Nature cover — Gene Genie

Sat 23-04-2022

My cover design on the 17 March 2022 Nature issue depicts the evolutionary properties of sequences at the extremes of the evolvability spectrum.

Vaishnav ED et al. The evolution, evolvability and engineering of gene regulatory DNA (2022) Nature 603:455–463.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
My Nature squiggles cover (volume 603, issue 7901, 17 March 2022). (more)

Browse my gallery of cover designs.

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
A catalogue of my journal and magazine cover designs. (more)

Happy 2022 `\pi` Day—
three one four: a number of notes

Mon 14-03-2022

Celebrate `\pi` Day (March 14th) and finally hear what you've been missing.

“three one four: a number of notes” is a musical exploration of how we think about mathematics and how we feel about mathematics. It tells stories from the very beginning (314…) to the very (known) end of π (...264) as well as math (Wallis Product) and math jokes (Feynman Point), repetition (nn) and zeroes (null).

Martin Krzywinski @MKrzywinski mkweb.bcgsc.ca
Listen to `\pi` in the style of 20th century classical music. (details)

The album is scored for solo piano in the style of 20th century classical music – each piece has a distinct personality, drawn from styles of Boulez, Feldman, Glass, Ligeti, Monk, and Satie.

Each piece is accompanied by a piku (or πku), a poem whose syllable count is determined by a specific sequence of digits from π.

Check out art from previous years: 2013 `\pi` Day and 2014 `\pi` Day, 2015 `\pi` Day, 2016 `\pi` Day, 2017 `\pi` Day, 2018 `\pi` Day, 2019 `\pi` Day, 2020 `\pi` Day and 2021 `\pi` Day.